The numbers on the map of Jerusalem refer to the "Stations of the Cross," the route that Jesus took from his condemnation to the Crucifixion and burial.
But with the loss of political authority, and the disrupted nature of the area, in 1441 a new Patriarchate was established back in Armenia proper, at Etchmiadzin.
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There is nothing in Judaism like that.
In the modern polemic against Christianity, was willing to blame Judaism for the evils of Christianity (the "slave revolt" in morals), but then this is little noted in the popular apologetic for Nietzsche's anti-Semitism.
Most scolars ascribe the date of composition between 1369 and 1372.
Since Dante's Hell was conical in shape, centered under Jerusalem, its edges and entrances would be on a perimeter at some distance from Jerusalem, as in Italy.
Suddenly the poet falls asleep and dreams a wonderful story.
Italy, indeed, would be where Dante's journey began, since that is where he lived, with a Roman tradition that an entrance to the Underworld was located at Avernus, a volcanic crater lake in Campania.
The poem is one of the first references to the idea that St.
A modern, secular version of Dante's descent into the Underworld would be Jules Verne's  -- although his travelers, starting in Iceland, manage to emerge no further than Italy.
Valentine's Day was a special day for lovers.
Belief in the reality of the place became so vivid that Japanese ascetics are known to have set themselves adrift in small boats from the southern coasts of Japan, in the hope that the transit (, "crossing to Fudaraku"), even if it resulted in death at sea, would fascilitate rebirth in the land of Kannon.
The debate is full of speeches and insults.
In fantasy and legend, the idea of mysterious hidden islands in the South Pacific still has its appeal, not only, as we have seen, with Potalaka, but to "Skull Island" of the movies [1933, 1976, 2006].
At the end, none of the three eagles wins the female eagle.
In the classic Chinese story, , ("Record of the Western Journey"), Guanyin must intervene several times on behalf of the travelers, while the character Monkey repairs to Potalaka more than once in connection with this.