The Waldensians had challenged a practice thought to be sometimes necessary for preserving the social order. Innocent III wanted to assure public officials that they could carry out capital sentences without mortal sin under certain conditions. The profession of faith was directed to a particular group and not to the universal Church. It, therefore, does not qualify as a definitive, infallible pronouncement. In the universal profession of faith of Lateran IV (1215)—which was directed at the Albigensians and the Waldensians—nothing is said about accepting the moral legitimacy of the death penalty (cf. Denz.-H, 800–802). In a disciplinary canon of Lateran IV, clergy are forbidden “to pronounce a sentence involving the shedding of blood, or carry out a punishment involving the same, or be present when such a punishment is carried out” (canon 18). This reveals a definite uneasiness about the practice of capital punishment because clergy are forbidden to be involved with it.
Through discussing many arguments in support of capital punishment it is obvious why this method of punishment is so controversial and why it should remain in effect today, regardless of the negative criticism it garners....
How to write a thesis statement on capital punishment …
The disciplinary act of capital punishment, punishment through death, has been a major debate in the united states for years. Two well-known figures are immanuel kant and john stuart mill.
Capital Punishment for and against Essay
Other papal statements on the death penalty by Leo X (1520) and Pius XII (r.1939–1958) do not qualify as infallible pronouncements. The argument that the moral legitimacy of capital punishment has been taught by the universal ordinary magisterium is not convincing. According to , 25, all of the bishops in communion with the Roman Pontiff would need to manifest universal agreement that the legitimacy of capital punishment must be definitively held by all Catholics. Until recent decades most Catholic bishops did not issue statements on the death penalty. The episcopal statements that have been issued since the 1990s express strong opposition to the practice (cf. Bromberg, op. cit. pp. 125–127). In n. 64 of the of the 2105 Synod of Bishops, the bishops express their firm rejection of the death penalty, and Pope Francis incorporates this firm rejection in n. 83 of his 2016 post-synodal exhortation, . There are over 5,000 Catholic bishops in the world today. I think very few, if any, would hold to Prof. Feser’s thesis that the acceptance of the moral legitimacy of the death penalty is a requirement for Catholic orthodoxy.
Arguments for Capital Punishment Essay.
Lérinian justification of the abolition of capital punishment as a matter of doctrinal development. Clearly, Francis’s position involves change and not progress. Thus, the pope will have to find another way to justify his call for abolishing the death penalty.
A sublime why roaring capital punishment thesis cataracts
Authorisation for the imposition of capital punishment on criminals must therefore be found in divine positive law if it is to be found at all; for unless there is certainty that the proposition is of divine law, then the same has not been promulgated by God and is therefore not a law at all.
Capital Punishment: Death Penalty Essay Example for …
Didn’t Pope Innocent III in the Middle Ages require support for the death penalty in a profession of faith, and didn’t the of St. Pius V solemnly affirm the moral legitimacy of capital punishment? Isn’t the legitimacy of the death penalty an infallible doctrine of the Catholic Church?