Alexander Pope: "An Essay on Man": .

When love was liberty, and nature law:
Thus states were form'd; the name of king unknown,
Till common interest placed the sway in one
'Twas Virtue only, or in arts or arms,
So, it was trade that built civilizations, and Pope observes, that it was tradition that preserves them.

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Wingard, Sara. How Austen's use of the seasonal cycle as narrative framework links her to both the eighteenth century and the Romantic period. 11 (1989).

How does contemporay man "vindicate the ways of God to man"?

"The tools are super fast and easy to use - I use them every time I write. Thank you."- Mark T.

Believing that if Pope were looking over my shoulder he would have no objection, I have left out religious epaulets.
Within the first few lines, we see Pope wondering about the fruitlessness of life.

Explain the example with the lamb.

Cohen, Monica F. Cohen contends that ", by telling the story of how the navy is domesticated in the post-Napoleonic years, also tells the story of how domesticity is professionalized." 29, 3 (Spring 1996) pp 346-66 [jstor preview/purchase].

We have no choice: we come to it, look out and then die.

Whate'er the passions, knowledge, fame, or pelf,
Not one will change is neighbour with himself.
The learn'd is happy nature to explore,
The fool is happy that he knows no more;
The rich is happy in the plenty given,
The poor contents him with the care of Heaven,
See the blind beggar dance, the cripple sing
The sot a hero, lunatic a king;
The starving chemist in his golden views
Supremely bless'd, the poet in his Muse.
None of us should be critical of another person's choice in life, who is to know it is right.

Austen-Leigh, Joan. 11 (1989).

As, in some well-wrought picture, light and shade
And oft so mix, the diff'rence is too nice,
Where ends the virtue, or begins the vice.
And virtuous and vicious ev'ry man must be,
Few in the extreme, but all in the degree;
Each person is driven by self-love, but on the same occasion "each on the other to depend, a master, or a servant, or a friend, bids each on other for assistance call." Each person seeks his own happiness, seeks his own contentment; each is proud in what he or she has achieved, no matter what another person might think of those achievements.

(123) How so, according to Pope?V.

Well-known authors discuss Jane Austen's books and their film versions, with Elizabeth Farnsworth, Carol Shields, Cynthia Heimel, and Roger Rosenblatt. Transcript of a PBS News Hour broadcast, 14 Feb. 1996.