Henry David Thoreau was born in Concord, Massachusetts on July12, 1817 and died there peacefully on May 6, 1862. He was educatedat Harvard (1833-37) where he developed his love for Greek andRoman poetry, Oriental philosophy, and botany. He earned his livingdoing odd jobs, teaching school, and making lead pencils. He spentlittle time working at these though; having few wants, he madefree time his greatest wealth. He loved nature, and his preoccupationfour hours each day was exploring the woods and ponds making detailedobservations of plants and creatures. Emerson was his close friend,and he lived in Emerson's house for a time. Henry led a singularlife, never marrying, and marching to his own drummer, as he putit.
As a social reformer whose words echo the principles on which the United States was founded — that it is a person’s duty to resist injustice where it is found — Thoreau’s writings influenced Gandhi's work in India, Tolstoy’s philosophy in Russia, and King's civil rights stand in the United States. Wherever in the world individuals and groups embrace human rights over political rights, they invoke the name of Henry David Thoreau and the words of his essay. "": "Can there not be a government in which the majorities do not virtually decide right and wrong, but conscience? . . . Must the citizen ever for a moment, or in the least degree, resign his conscience to the legislator? Why has every man a conscience, then?"
Henry David Thoreau - Wikiquote
Henry David Thoreau lived for two years, two months, and two days by Walden Pond in Concord, Massachusetts. His time in Walden Woods became a model of deliberate and ethical living. His words and deeds continue to inspire millions around the world who seek solutions to critical environmental and societal challenges.