Americans’ dependence upon petroleum-based energy sources has required the United States to consider a variety of options to fulfill [the] ever-increasing energy needs, even drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge [ANWR] (Smith).
Adult muskox form a defensive ring around their young on a spit along the coastal plain of Alaska’s Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. This picture was taken on a month-long sea kayak trip along the Arctic Coast of Yukon and Alaska. (Peter Mather)
Arctic National Oil Refuge Essays
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Seasons of Life and Land emerged in 2003 as the first comprehensive photographic portrait of the refuge in fall, winter, spring, and summer.