The characteristic expressions of this other-worldliness, this attempt to escape from time and history into eternity, are what deconstructionists often call 'the traditional binary oppositions': true--false, original--derivative, unified--diverse, objective--subjective, and so on.
The phrase 'the transcendental signified' is one of Derrida's terms for an entity capable (per impossible) of halting the potential infinite regress of interpretations of signs by other signs.
Recommended Reading:Richard Dedekind, , tr.
It represents a complex response to a variety of theoretical and philosophical movements of the 20th century, most notably Husserlian phenomenology, Saussurean and French structuralism, and Freudian and Lacanian psychoanalysis.
Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1999.
One such critic, David Novitz, says that Derrida believes that 'our use of language is never constrained by a non-linguistic world' ('Rage', p.53), and that this conclusion does not follow from the fact that 'we cannot experience an object apart from our mental constructs', for that 'is just another way of saying that we cannot experience an object apart from our experience of it' ('Rage', p.50).
His works include (1838), (1847), and (1872).
They treat Derrida as a linguistic idealist -- someone whose much-quoted slogan 'There is nothing outside the text'7 is supported by nothing more than the bad old arguments of Berkeley and Kant.
Many of Dennett's papers are available on-line at the .
They think that the causal influence of the environment upon linguistic behaviour enables us to give a clear sense to the claim that some bits of language 'correspond' to something non-linguistic.
Dennett, (MIT, 1984);Daniel C.
Those who take the first line see Derrida's doctrines as a sort of of doubts about 'realism' -- about the claim that our language and thought are structured and given content by the world, by non-language.
In her book (1981), Barbara Johnson clarifies the term:
For many of these philosophers, heirs of a tradition which began with the logical positivists' opposition to metaphysics (not in the wide Heideggerian sense of the term, but in a narrower sense in which 'unverifiable' metaphysical, theological and moral claims are opposed to 'verifiable' scientific claims) Derrida's work seems a deplorable, frivolous, wicked, regression to irrationalism.