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Modern judges would fail Socrates' test also, since their concern is not "whether what I say is just or not." And modern , treated as peons, are told that the justice of a case is not their concern.

“It was an interesting day.”—President Bush, recalling 9/11 []

This introduces a bit of a complication in keeping track of the Games, since many Greek cities, such as , began their year in between the Spring Games and the Summer.


DOCUMENTS, Selected Excerpts from Civil War newspapers

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I don’t view my important characteristics as different from those my family has imparted on me throughout the years. The pride, care, dedication, effort, and hard-working attitude that I view as critical to any success I may achieve have all descended upon me courtesy of my close-knit, Italian family.


This may have happened for a couple of reasons.

And if it really did figure in Socrates' defense, as Plato has it, then the evidence of Xenophon's would seem to indicate that it just didn't register with many of those hearing it.

Harvard, Unnoticed Accomplishment

"...impossible for me to keep quiet because that means disobeying the god, you will...think I am being ironical (, )." While the Greek word can just mean "to dissemble," we can tell from this that the modern, subtle meaning of "irony" (, ) in fact goes back to Socrates himself, who here uses the word about himself.

An "apologist" may now be viewed as a kind of or hack.

Instead of a rather disturbing pitch for obedience, here Socrates' gives prudential reasons: In exile, either he will talk as he usually does, or he won't.

Apologetics and polemics are easily combined, as we see in the of

"...so unreasonable to suppose that other men will easily tolerate my company..." This is a noteworthy passage in light of the other reasons for not going into exile that Socrates gives in the .

Harvard, Leadership through Dedication

But Socrates' relationship to the god has several dimensions, as we see in the question of an easy death, such as Socrates seeks, through the "sweet shafts," , of Apollo.

I think that the is far too important to be skipped over like that.

Athens had even had a special kind of "election," the Ostracism, where just anyone could be voted into exile -- the name came from , , the piece of broken pottery that was used to record a vote, as even the ancient Egyptians had often used instead of expensive papyrus.