| | | | | | | | | | | |

Restrictive signs sprang up across the southern and western landscape. They were constant and humiliating reminders with a common message—“stay in your place.”

Off the Page: Visit our  for video about recent projects and interviews with HUP authors.

It is a teacher’s responsibility, if not every adult’s responsibility, to help children understand the differences as well as the similarities between cultures.

The unit is designed for first graders of a New Haven Public School.

In first grade, students embark on many endeavors where they may find themselves for years to come.

The user of this unit is encouraged to look through the and employ the materials already developed.Jim Crow was the name of an early Negro minstrel song.

The concept-tree has physical referents; the concept does not.

According to Jean Piaget, the Swiss psychologist who is internationally renowned for his studies in the development of children’s thinking processes, the mental framework for processing and organizing information and ideas is one’s environment.

Children interact with peers, parents, and other adults.

Learning is social.It is thus the teacher’s task to create a setting in which children can understand what life was like, living in the South, before the 1960’s for both African Americans and Caucasians.

Therefore, social interaction is needed.

Everywhere segregation was a symbol of supposed black inferiority.The entire concept of Jim Crow is difficult to teach young students in first grade.

This criteria must be socially visible.

Active experience is a key element in cognitive development.Actions may be physical manipulations of objects or events or mental manipulations of objects or events (thinking).

Majority will be given brand new crayons for class activities.

Active experiences are those that provoke assimilation and accommodation, resulting in cognitive change.Educators often focus on Piaget’s work on cognitive development in the intellectual growth of children.

Majority will use pencils with the convenience of an attached eraser.

These laws were to remain instituted throughout the 1960’s Civil Rights Movement, close to a century later.During the years of Jim Crow, state laws mandated racial separation in schools, parks, playgrounds, restaurants, hotels, public transportation, theatres, restrooms, and so on.