Some ways that police and probation officers can help lower gang violence is by implementing laws more accordingly, establishing a relationship with troubled youth, and creating programs that benefit their well-being.
The following estimations are based on a 1991 telephone survey done by the Department of Justice of California law enforcement gang units. The survey indicated approximately 50,000 gang members in California, were exclusive to Los Angeles County. In addition to this report a May 1992 report by the Los Angeles District Attorney's Office indicated there are 125-130,000 gang members on file in the in the combined databases for Los Angeles County," which included "roughly 5,000 duplicate names." The same report estimated there are "20-25,000 gang members active in Los Angeles County who have not yet shown up in any gang databases." During the last five years, there were over 23,000 verified violent gang crimes in the City of Los Angeles. These include 784 homicides, nearly 12,000 felony assaults, approximately 10,000 robberies and just fewer than 500 rapes. In the last few years the City of Los Angeles has experienced an epidemic of youth violence that is rapidly spreading from the inner cities to the suburbs. Gangs are no longer just the problem of those who live in the crime ridden neighborhoods where the gangs thrive, they are now everyone's problem. Along with the violence that comes from gangs, there are also other economic costs of gangs. The economic impact on the criminal justice system and the public attributed to gangs in California may total $1 billion per year at the present time. The following indicators provide some insight into the vast costs known to be associated with gangs in California. A study is being conducted by two doctors at the University of Southern California Medical Center in Los Angeles concerning the costs of medical treatment related to gang violence in Los Angeles County. Their findings indicate direct medical costs pertaining to gang violence may have reached $23 1 million in Los Angeles County during 1991, and indirect costs may total approximately $540 million for the same period. Gang suppression funding for local agencies from the Office of Criminal Justice Planning amounted to $7,161,560 for fiscal year 1989/1990. The following projects were funded:
Effects of Violence in Rap Music