Library Company of Philadelphia

Black soldiers fought bravely for their freedom nip and tuck with white, and noticeably changed balance of forces in the Civil War. It was not a surprise as their freedom was bet on. Black soldiers played a vital role in the Union victory, and their combat record influenced whites after the war to take the first steps toward racial equality (Barney W., p. 32).

Library Company of Philadelphia

By stressing that slavery in West Africa has not been abolished, this collection of essays seeks to provide a new understanding of the institution. Many deal with slavery, along with its legacy and status, in a contemporary context.


Library Company of Philadelphia

These renowned historians and experts chatted with students online. Read the transcripts.

The forced migration of Africans to the 13 original British colonies and the United States during the time of slavery involved mostly people from the Congo, Angola, Senegambia, and Nigeria.


However, the road to Christianity was often bumpy and dangerous.

Rosenthal, Debra J. Race Mixture in Nineteenth-Century U.S. and Spanish American Fictions: Gender, Culture and Nation Building. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

Free African History papers, essays, and research papers.

Quirk, Joel, and Darshan Vigneswaran, eds. Slavery, Migration, and Contemporary Bondage in Africa. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2013.

African-American history - Wikipedia

These essays focus upon the slavery that exists in Africa after the ending of Atlantic slavery. It not only provides insight into the long-term existence of slavery within Africa but also pays particular attention to more modern forms of slavery that the collection argues exist because of poverty and migration.

Slavery in the United States - Wikipedia

In this groundbreaking study, the Nobel Prize–winning novelist argues for a deep abiding Africanist presence in American culture, delineating the effect of a racialized history on Willa Cather, Edgar Allan Poe, Herman Melville, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Ernest Hemingway, and Mark Twain. The discussion of American gothic as a repressed awareness of dark others was highly influential.

The American Slavery Collection, 1820-1922 - Readex

An edited collection that broadly explores the topic while stressing the difference between American and African slavery. Includes a long, and influential, introduction by the editors that argues that African slavery was a complex continuum in which slaves served a variety of roles and that slavery incorporated outsiders into a society.

The African American Newspapers Collection

Miers, Suzanne, and Igor Kopytoff. Slavery in Africa: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1977.