free essay on History of Art in the Renaissance Period

Charts the schools of eclectic, Ciceronian, and archaistic Latinity in the Italian Renaissance. Reprinted in D’Amico’s Roman and German Humanism, 1450–1550 (Aldershot, UK, and Burlington, VT: Variorum, 1993), edited by Paul F. Grendler.

Artists in the Renaissance applied many humanist and religious principles behind their work.

In contrast with Paul Oskar Kristeller (see ), Eugenio Garin (b. 1909–d. 2004), professor of the history of philosophy at the University of Florence and the Scuola Normale Superiore in Pisa, argued that humanism was a broad philosophy of life. Humanism included a positive evaluation of civic and worldly values, the primacy of the will, the dignity of man, Platonism, a sense of historical anachronism, and a new investigation of nature. In Garin’s view, humanism profoundly influenced all aspects of Renaissance thought and action, and he strongly emphasized the differences between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Garin’s scholarship on humanism has had enormous influence on Italian and European scholars, but less on North American scholars. provides his only comprehensive treatment of humanism, while , , and translate some of Garin’s elegant essays on various topics and individuals.


The influence of humanism in renaissance art

Kristeller, Paul Oskar. Renaissance Thought II: Papers on Humanism and the Arts. New York: Harper and Row, 1965.

Offers nearly 1,200 articles, all with bibliographies and written by experts, plus hundreds of illustrations, maps, genealogical charts, and tables, on every aspect of the Renaissance. Vol. 3, pp. 209–233, presents survey articles on humanism in different countries by various specialists.


The history of the term humanism is complex but enlightening

Aside from art and literature, the renaissance showed the changing in philosophy from everything being based on religion to the idea of human nature and the creation of humanists.

History is the study of the past in all its forms

Forty-one essays by recognized authorities, each with bibliography, about humanism across Europe and specific themes. Vol. 1 deals with the foundations of humanism and humanism in Italy; Vol. 2, with the rest of Europe; and Vol. 3, with humanism and the disciplines, the professions, arts, and science. A good starting point for advanced students and scholars lacking knowledge in particular fields of study.

Later Italian humanism - Encyclopedia Britannica

Several comprehensive scholarly aids and sources useful for students and advanced scholars of Renaissance humanism are available. Students and scholars seeking basic information may start with the articles on humanism in , all of which offer reliable information and basic bibliographies. is a good introduction to northern European humanism. provides numerous short biographies. The advanced researcher doing manuscript research will find indispensable, while provides reliable Latin texts and English translations of works by Italian humanists. offers much useful information on humanistic topics and individuals.

Religion and Humanism, Why I am not a Christian

Although neo-Latin (new Latin) means the Latin language from the time of Petrarch to the present, this work concentrates on neo-Latin in the Renaissance. While there is no article on humanism per se, the majority of the 211 articles are relevant for major themes and individuals in humanism. Vol. 1, Macropaedia; Vol. 2, Micropaedia.