This involvesthe gradual substitution of science for 'rule of thumb'throughout the mechanical arts."  "Scientific managementrequires first, a careful investigation of each of the manymodifications of the same implement, developed under rule ofthumb; and second, after time and motion study has been made ofthe speed attainable with each of these implements, that the goodpoints of several of them shall be unified in a single standardimplementation, which will enable the workman to work faster andwith greater easy than he could before.
Intimate and friendly cooperation between the management andthe men.
Taylor warned  of the risks managers make in attempting tomake change in what would presently be called, the culture, ofthe organization.
Management In Nursing Essay Pdf
" Taylor called these elements "merelythe elements or details of the mechanisms of management" He sawthem as extensions of the four principles of management.