From a metaphysical point of view both Lowe and Hale share the viewthat the essential properties of an entity are distinct from the meremetaphysical necessities that are true of the entity. This position isinspired by the work of Fine (1994) on the relation between essenceand metaphysical modality. Fine argues against modal conceptions ofessence on which it is claimed that an essential property of anobject is simply any property the object has in all possible worlds inwhich it exists. He offers the following argument against theview:
The argument by extension notwithstanding, there is other evidence that Weber held the social scientist's values to be a subjective matter. Portis, for instance, says Weber "believed it impossible to justify ultimate values scientifically. He presumed they were derived from the metaphysical commitments that define one's general outlook." Rogers Brubaker, in The Limits of Rationality, also acknowledges that Weber's discussion of value orientations amplifies those of a long line of ethical relativists. Weber believed that "value orientations are essentially subjective, and that conflict among them cannot be rationally resolved."
Essay on Characteristics of Metaphysical Poetry - 889 …
The fundamental pathway to acquiring knowledge of metaphysicalmodality derives from knowledge of essential properties or essences ofthe entities involved. When we look for an explanation of how we canknow metaphysical modality we ultimately look to our knowledge ofessential properties or essences as the basis upon which we makeinferences to metaphysical modality.
Learn about this topic in these articles: dissociation of sensibility
Where Donne's sense of 'repining restlessnesse' was never stilled, even by revelation of the love of God, for Herbert the notions of 'quiet' and 'rest' are essential to his poems. Donne asks questions and rarely resolves them, while in Herbert the resolution is satisfactory and deeply felt.
We see in Herbert a poet who although essentially derivative of Donne, used the medium of Metaphysical poetry for a sincere exploration of his own faith, and in doing so broadened the scope of the genre to allow the poet a more personal approach than that apparent in Donne, an approach which was in turn taken up by Henry Vaughan.
In dissociation of sensibility …T.S
E.J. Lowe (2008a, 2012) and Bob Hale (2013) have independentlydeveloped accounts of the epistemology of modality based onmetaphysical essentialism. The two core theses of metaphysicalessentialism are: (i) entities have essential properties oressences that are not merely dependent on language, and (ii) not allnecessary truths capture an essential truth or the essence of anentity. Although their views differ at crucial points in the epistemiclandscape, the program they share maintains the following: