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—. Philosophy and Politics in the Thought of John Wyclif. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. [John Wyclif was the fourteenth-century English thinker responsible for the first English Bible, and for the Lollard movement which was persecuted widely for its attempts to reform the church through empowerment of the laity. Wyclif had also been an Oxford philosopher, and was in the service of John of Gaunt, the powerful duke of Lancaster. In several of Wyclif’s formal, Latin works he proposed that the king ought to take control of all church property and power in the kingdom – a vision close to what Henry VIII was to realize 150 years later. This book argues that Wyclif’s political program was based on a coherent philosophical vision ultimately consistent with his other reformative ideas, identifying for the first time a consistency between his realist metaphysics and his political and ecclesiological theory. Specifically, the book argues that Wyclif’s metaphysics serves as intellectual foundation for his political thought. Lahey examines the concept of dominium both as divine universal by causality and as instantiated in prelapsarian (natural) and postlapsarian (civil) forms, illustrating the close ties between Tractatus de Universalibus, De Civili Dominio and De Dominio Divino.]

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Chen Tiejun (Ch’en Tieh-chun) – (1904 – 1928)
Chinese feminist and revolutionary
Chen Tiejun was the daughter of a merchant, and was educated at the progressive Jihua School for Girls (1920). Against her family’s wishes, she eschewed an arranged marriage and was trained instead as a school teacher. Chen Tiejun later attended university in Peking (Beijing), where she became increasingly involved with radical socialist ideals and finally joined the Communist Party (1926). She later became involved in a liasion with Zhen Wen-jiang (Chen Wen-chiang), the commander of the Red Guard under General Chiang Kai-Shek. Chen Tiejun became involved with an underground women’s movement which supplied weapons to other Communists. Chen Tiejun was betrayed, arrested, found guilty and publicly executed.

Preaching Without Words | HuffPost

Social Science History: Society and Science History TimeLine

Campbell, Persia Gwendoline Crawford – (1898 – 1974)
Australian-American economist and consumer advocate
Persia Campbell was born (March 15, 1898) at Nerrigundah in New South Wales, and received her earlier education at the Fort Street Girls’ High School. She graduated from Sydney University and then attended the London School of Economics. With the aid of a scholarship she travelled to America to study agricultural policy at Harvard University (1930). She then married and settled in the USA. Campbell became interested in the rights of public consumers, and she acted as host on various radio programs, designed to provide consumer information to the public. She was later appointed professor of economics at Queen’s College, at the City of New York University (1960 – 1965). Crawford has been credited with assisting with the foundation of the Australian Consumer’s Association and she was author of The Consumer Interest (1949). Persia Campbell died (March 2, 1974) aged seventy-five, at Flushing in New York.

Dedications and Patron Saints of English Churches Ecclesiast

, incorporated by royal charter in 1662, but owing its origin to the informal meetings about 1645 of a group of scientific men headed by Theodore Haak, a German, Dr. Wilkins, and others; in 1665 the first number of their was published which, with the supplementary publication, , begun in 1800, constitute an invaluable record of the progress of science to the present day; encouragement is given to scientific investigation by awards of medals (Copley, Davy, Darwin, &c.), the equipping of scientific expeditions (. the ), &c.; weekly meetings are held at Burlington House (quarters since 1857) during the session (November till June); membership comprises some 500 Fellows, including 40 foreigners; receives a parliamentary grant of £4000 a year, and acts in an informal way as scientific adviser to Government.