It comprises, in Bakhtin's phrase, "a plurality of independent and unmerged voices and consciousnesses, a genuine polyphony of fully valid voices" (Henderson and Brown - Glossary of Literary Theory).
Camus won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1957, after TheFall was published. The story, a literary masterpiece,demonstrates a unique capacity at the heart of his philosophicalwriting. Life is no one single, simple thing, but a series of tensionsand dilemmas. The most seemingly straightforward features of life arein fact ambiguous and even contradictory. Camus recommends that weavoid trying to resolve them. We need to face the fact that we cannever successfully purge ourselves of the impulses that threaten towreak havoc with our lives. Camus’s philosophy, if it has a singlemessage, is that we should learn to tolerate, indeed embrace thefrustration and ambivalence that humans cannot escape.
Literary and philosophical essays sartre pdf editor
Mr. Sartre's points of view were less heeded--although still respected--in the 1970's as he became a maverick political outsider on the extreme left. His last substantial work was a biography of the 19th-century French novelist Gustave Flaubert. Mr. Sartre completed just three of the four volumes he had planned, and while he used the biography to elaborate his own notions of psychology, society, letters and life, the work provoked only limited interest in literary circles.