Georges Fourel was born in Grenoble, France in June 19, 1892 of a French father and Italian mother. Fourel studied first at the Municipal Conservatoire of Douai (near Lille in the north of France). This prepared Georges Fourel to gain admission to the Paris Conservatoire. Georges Fourel won the Premier prix in viola at the Conservatoire in the 1913 Concour. Upon graduation, Fourel played viola in about 1913-1914. Fourel then joined the orchestra of in about 1915. It may have been that Fourel would play both Concerts Lamoureux and the Opera, since in that era, orchestral concerts all occurred at the same time on Saturday afternoons, and musicians were not contracted exclusively. During World War 1, Georges Fourel served in the French army, was wounded at Verdun, where he won the Croix de Guerre for valor. In 1918-1920, Georges Fourel played in l'Orchestre des Concerts-Touche and the Concerts de Monte-Carlo. These were small concerts, with none of the Paris halls of the era holding more than about 1500 listeners. As can be seen from the photo of Concerts-Touche, below, less than 1000 could attend.
In orchestral music composed since World War II, spatial separation of different sound sources is almost a regular feature. Well-known examples include Karlheinz Stockhausen’s Gruppen for three orchestras and Elliott Carter’s A Symphony of Three Orchestras. In his piano concerto …quasi una fantasia…,György Kurtag places only the piano and kettledrums on stage, while strings, woodwinds, brass and percussion are distributed in groups either behind or above the audience, on balconies, and the like.
Adagio for Strings / 3 Essays for Orchestra by Leonard Slatkin
Georg Henschel, (from 1914, Sir George), was born in Breslau, then part of Prussia (later Germany and now Poland) on February 18, 1850. He was a singer and pianist by training, having studied at the Leipzig Conservatory 1867-1870 and at the Berlin Royal Conservatory (part of Akademie der Künste, Berlin) 1870-1874. Henschel came to Boston in 1881 with his student, a Boston singer named Lillian Bailey (1860-1901), whom he was shortly to marry. Henschel made such a success at one of the Harvard Musical Association concert performances that he caught the attention of the Boston businessman and music lover Major (actually, a Civil War Colonel) Henry Lee Higginson (1834-1919). It had been Henry Lee Higginson's idea for some time to create a symphony orchestra in Boston which would reach the level of the great orchestras of Europe. Mr. Higginson organized the Boston Symphony Orchestra Association in 1880, facilitated by his guarantee of the orchestra finances. The result was the first BSO season in 1881-1882, with George Henschel as Music Director.
Mark Malvasi is a Senior Contributor at The Imaginative Conservative
The area above the stage, which contained a small orchestra for playing music and a small cannon for making explosive sound effects, was referred to in actor's slang as "the heavens." The , or the area directly underneath the stage, accessible through a trapdoor called the (q.v.), was known as "hell." GLOSA: The term has two meanings.
He teaches history at Randolph-Macon College
Five years ago, most parents and teachers of students with ADHD didn't have a clue that a child's academic success was contingent upon strong executive skills. However, today's savvy parents and educators realize that deficits in critical cognitive skills known as executive functions (EF) are slower to mature in many children with ADHD. In 2007, researchers made a startling discovery: the brains of students with ADHD mature three years more slowly than their peers. This helps explain why their executive skills are delayed. Two years later, scientists found that the part of the brain that enables students to work on "boring tasks" such as school work has a reduced number of dopamine receptors and transporters. More simply stated the reduced levels of brain chemistry in this key area explains why students can play video games for hours but struggle to complete their homework in a timely manner.